Colon Cancer Stages and best treatment

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The Complete Guide to Understanding Colon Cancer Stages and What They Mean

For many people, colon cancer is a hard subject that is difficult to talk about. However, it is important to know the facts about the disease and what you can do to detect it early.

This guide covers everything you need to know about the stages of colon cancer and their implications for treatment.

The four stages of colon cancer

The different types of treatment available at each stage

How treatment affects your life after surgery

And what you can do if you are diagnosed with stage 4 colon cancer.

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Introduction: What is Colon Cancer?

Colon cancer is the third most common cancer among men and women. The name colorectal cancer is used to describe two types of tumors: colon cancer and rectal cancer.

The colon is the lower part of the digestive tract (the large intestine). It is located in the center of your abdomen, between your stomach and your rectum. The colon removes water from the foods you eat, which becomes stool when it leaves your body.

What Are the Three Stages of Colon Cancer?

The three stages of colon cancer are based on the tumor’s growth.

Early stage

In the early stages, polyps or benign growths in the lining of your colon can turn into cancer.

If caught in this stage, it is called a carcinoma in situ. The treatment is surgery to remove the colon and rectum.

Moderate stage

In moderate stage colon cancer, a tumor has grown through a section of your colon wall but not through to other parts of your body. This is called local or confined growth and may be removed by surgery or with radiation therapy.

Advanced Stage

In advanced stage, the tumor has grown past your colon and into other organs such as your liver, lungs or lymph nodes.

What Are the Symptoms of Colon Cancer?

People often know that they have colon cancer because of the symptoms they experience. They may notice blood in their stools, a change in bowel habits, abdominal pain and discomfort, and weight loss. If you think you might have some of these symptoms or know someone who does, your doctor can help figure out what is going on.

How Is Colon Cancer Treated?

Colon cancer is a disease that starts in the colon or rectum. Colon cancer is also called colorectal cancer. A tumor in the colon or rectum is what causes this cancer.

colon cancer

The treatment for colon cancer depends on the stage of the cancer when it is diagnosed, how far it has spread, and whether it has come back after treatment. There are many different types of treatments for colon cancer including chemotherapy, radiation, surgery, targeted therapy, and watchful waiting.

Chemotherapy drugs are used to shrink tumors with side-effects that are usually temporary but can sometimes be permanent. Radiation therapy uses x-rays to kill cells in the body that have been damaged by cancer cells.

What are the differences between stages 1-3 of colorectal cancers?

The three stages of colorectal cancers are stage 1, stage 2, and stage 3. Stage 1 is the first sign of a cancer. In this stage, there are no symptoms. This means that it can be difficult to diagnose stage 1 colorectal cancer without an exam or a colonoscopy. Stage 2 is also difficult to detect because there are no symptoms present. It is only detected through a colonoscopy which looks for abnormal growths in the colon or rectum. Stage 3 is when the tumor begins to grow outside of the colon and rectum walls and can be seen through an exam or with imaging tests like x-rays or CT scans.

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